A few days ago I posted my basic ground rules for safely using herbs during pregnancy. I'd consider myself an herbal conservative when it comes to pregnancy, because I understand that herbs are medicine and I take my medicine seriously, especially when pregnant. However, I use pregnancy herbs almost daily, drawing from a wonderful assortment of plants that are either nutritious and tonifying or those that are useful in addressing pregnancy complaints like bloating, nausea, and so on. I tend not to use the same herbs every day, instead alternating so that one day I might just have a cup of chamomile tea, while the next day I'll do an infusion of oat straw, red raspberry and nettle, and the next I'll just do echinacea, depending on my needs.
Here's a list of my top favorite safe herbs.
Alfalfa A good and surprising source of protein, alfalfa is also rich in vitamins A, D, E, B6, K, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, as well as containing digestive enzymes and trace minerals. You'll see it as a frequent addition to nourishing pregnancy teas.
Burdock Root Burdock is a classic sweet and warming liver strengthener and also great for the urinary tract. It balances blood sugar, serves as a gentle laxative, helps with itchy skin, and can aid in preventing herpes outbreaks.
- ½ oz dried root to 1 qt water, boiled for half an hour, up to 2 cups daily as needed. It's great combined with other woody herbal parts, like dandelion root. For an immune tea, you can add echinacea.
- Tincture: 20 drops daily (you can remove the alcohol by adding those drops to boiling water)
- Food: Gobo root, stir fry
Chamomile An excellent pregnancy herb (unless you're allergic to ragweed), chamomile helps with nausea, heartburn, insomnia, cramps, constipation, prevents UTIs, and acts as a gentle nervine. A great after dinner herb!
- 1 Tbs herb to 1 cup boiling water, steep 10 minutes uncovered, 1 cup per day as needed.
Dandelion Root For those of you craving the flavor of coffee, dandelion root is often used as the base for coffee substitutes. Perfect--it's a good digestive tonic, liver strengthener, and helps with the kidney and bladder, blood sugar balancing and blood pressure regulation. If you've got iron deficiency anemia, take note: dandelion root helps to increase available iron in the body.
- ½ oz dried root to 1 qt water, boiled for half an hour, up to 2 cups daily as needed.
- Use the bitter but delicious fresh greens in a salad or sauté. You can cut the bitterness with lemon and garlic, or I like to cook it in steak trimmings with onions.
Echinacea Studies have shown that echinacea is a safe herb for pregnancy. As it reduces the severity of and prevents bacterial and viral infections, it's a great flu-season herb.
- 5 mL (1 tsp) of tincture daily.
Ginger Here's another herb that has been extensively studied, and whose safety and efficacy has been shown. This is the go to herb for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy, and helps with poor circulation, chills, and diarrhea.
- 1 tsp fresh grated root per cup boiling water, steep 10-20 mins covered. 1 cup as needed in sips.
Kelp If you're someone who uses sea salt or Himalayan salt, your salt most likely does not have iodine added. Kelp is rich in iodine, as well as other vitamins and minerals, and is great for the thyroid and other endocrine glands.
- Add dried kelp flakes to soups, stews, and sauces.
Lavender A lovely herb to promote sleep and reduce anxiety, and a wonderful oil to add to a massage blend. My labor massage oils almost always have lavender. Never use essential oils straight (always mix with a carrier oil), never use internally, and don't use on broken skin.
- Add small pinch to chamomile tea.
- A few drops of lavender essential oil in the bath or added to a massage oil.
Lemon Balm Here's another gentle nervine that promotes relaxation and also helps with heartburn. Combine with chamomile and lavender for a bedtime tea.
- 1 Tbs dried herb per cup boiling water, steep uncovered for 15 mins.
Nettle Nettle is a classic tonifying herb for pregnancy because it's rich in vitamins and minerals, including Vitamin K (which passes through breastmilk to increase baby's levels after birth, aiding in blood clotting), and is wonderful for the urinary tract, allergies, reducing varicose veins. As a blood nourisher, nettles decreases chance of hemorrhage and with its high iron content is excellent for anemia.
- Infusions: one handful dried herb in 1 qt boiling water, steeped minimum of one hour.
- Fresh nettle eaten (though you'd have to harvest it yourself)
- Freeze-dried nettle taken in capsules.
Oatstraw Another nervine (you might notice the trend...), rich in calcium and magnesium, prevent insomnia and cramps. I add it along with other nourishing herbs like red raspberry, rose hips, and nettle for a tonifying infusion.
Red Raspberry Leaf While there's debate over whether or not it's entirely effective, red rasberry leaf is still considered by many to be the queen of pregnancy herbs. Red raspberry leaf nourishes muscles and tones the uterus (so it's great for all women), and thus may help in preventing postpartum hemorrhage. It's another herb with high vitamin and mineral content, especially iron, calcium and magnesium.
- 2 Tbs dried herb per cup water.
Rose Hips Rose hips are an excellent source of Vitamin C, and I like to add it along with other nourishing herbs.